• Explanation of what beer pairing is and why it matters
  • Brief history of beer and food pairing

The Basics of Beer Tasting

  • The four components of beer tasting (appearance, aroma, flavor, mouthfeel)
  • How to identify different beer styles
  • How to choose the right glassware for your beer

The Principles of Beer Pairing

  • The importance of balance in pairing
  • The role of intensity in pairing
  • The effect of flavor bridges and contrasts

Pairing Beer with Food

  • Pairing beer with meats (beef, pork, chicken, fish, etc.)
  • Pairing beer with cheese
  • Pairing beer with desserts
  • Pairing beer with spicy foods


  • Recap of key points
  • Final thoughts on the art of beer pairing.


Beer and food pairing is a time-honored tradition that has been enjoyed for centuries. Whether you’re enjoying a casual meal at home or dining out at a fancy restaurant, choosing the right beer to complement your food can enhance your dining experience and elevate the flavors of both the beer and the food.

In this article, we will explore the art of beer pairing and provide tips and resources to help you become a master of this culinary craft.

The Basics of Beer Tasting

Before we dive into the principles of beer pairing, it’s important to understand the basics of beer tasting. The four components of beer tasting are appearance, aroma, flavor, and mouthfeel. When tasting beer, it’s important to pay attention to each of these components and how they work together to create a unique drinking experience.

Appearance: The appearance of a beer refers to its color, clarity, and carbonation. The color of beer ranges from pale yellow to dark brown, and the clarity can range from clear to hazy. Carbonation is important because it affects the mouthfeel and the way the beer interacts with the food.

Aroma: The aroma of a beer is the scent that it gives off. Aroma can range from fruity to spicy to hoppy, depending on the beer style.

Flavor: The flavor of a beer is the most important component of beer tasting. The flavor can be sweet, bitter, sour, or a combination of these flavors. The flavor of a beer is determined by the ingredients used to make the beer, such as hops, malt, and yeast.

Mouthfeel: The mouthfeel of a beer refers to the way it feels in your mouth. Some beers are thin and watery, while others are thick and creamy. The mouthfeel of a beer can also be affected by its carbonation level.

How to Identify Different Beer Styles

How to Identify Different Beer Styles

To be able to pair beer with food, it’s important to be able to identify different beer styles. There are many different beer styles, but some of the most common ones include lagers, ales, stouts, porters, and wheat beers.

Lagers are light-bodied beers that are usually pale in color. They are brewed with bottom-fermenting yeast and are typically crisp and refreshing.

Ales are brewed with top-fermenting yeast and are usually fuller-bodied than lagers. They can be pale or dark in color and have a wide range of flavors and aromas.

Stouts and Porters are dark beers that are brewed with roasted malts. They have a rich, full-bodied flavor and are often associated with chocolate and coffee flavors.

Wheat beers are brewed with wheat instead of barley and are typically light and refreshing. They have a cloudy appearance and a slightly sweet flavor.

How to Choose the Right Glassware for Your Beer

Choosing the right glassware for your beer can enhance the drinking experience by improving the aroma and flavor. Different beer styles require different types of glassware. For example, a pilsner glass is tall and narrow, which helps to showcase the beer’s color and carbonation. A snifter glass is bulbous and rounded, which helps to trap the beer’s aroma and enhance the flavor. When in doubt, a tulip glass is a versatile option that can be used for a wide range of beer styles.

The Principles of Beer Pairing

The principles of beer pairing are based on the importance of balance, intensity, and flavor bridges and contrasts. Balancing the flavors of the beer and the food is key to a successful pairing. The intensity of the beer and the food should also be taken into account. Too much intensity can overpower the other elements, while too little can lead to a lackluster pairing.

Flavor bridges and contrasts are also important in beer pairing. Flavor bridges are when the flavors of the beer and the food complement each other, such as pairing a citrusy IPA with spicy Mexican cuisine. Contrasts are when the flavors of the beer and the food contrast with each other, such as pairing a rich stout with a light, creamy dessert like cheesecake.

Pairing Beer with Food

When it comes to beer and food pairing, there are a few general tips to keep in mind. First, consider the intensity of both the beer and the food. For example, a light lager may pair well with a simple salad, while a heavy stout may pair better with a rich beef stew.

Second, consider the flavors of both the beer and the food. Look for flavor bridges and contrasts that will enhance the flavors of both elements. Third, don’t be afraid to experiment. Beer pairing is a subjective art, and what works for one person may not work for another. Don’t be afraid to try new combinations and find what works best for your palate.

Beer Pairing Examples

Here are some examples of beer and food pairings to get you started:

IPA and Spicy Foods – The bold, hoppy flavors of an IPA complement the heat and spice of dishes like curry or hot wings.

Pilsner and Seafood – The crisp, clean taste of a pilsner pairs well with the delicate flavors of seafood like shrimp or scallops.

Stout and Chocolate – The rich, roasted flavors of a stout pair perfectly with the sweetness of chocolate, whether it’s a chocolate dessert or a simple chocolate bar.

Wheat Beer and Salad – The light, refreshing taste of a wheat beer pairs well with a fresh, crisp salad, particularly if it includes ingredients like citrus, nuts, or cheese.

Porter and BBQ – The smoky, robust flavors of a porter pair well with the bold, smoky flavors of BBQ, whether it’s pulled pork, brisket, or ribs.


Beer pairing is a fun and rewarding way to enhance your dining experience. By understanding the principles of beer tasting and beer pairing, you can become a master of this culinary art. Remember to consider the intensity and flavors of both the beer and the food and look for flavor bridges and contrasts that will enhance the flavors of both elements. And don’t be afraid to experiment – the possibilities for beer and food pairing are endless.

The art of beer pairing can enhance the dining experience and elevate the flavors of both the beer and the food. With a basic understanding of beer tasting and pairing principles, along with a willingness to experiment and try new things, anyone can become a master of beer pairing.


Jackson, M. (1997). The New World Guide to Beer. Running Press.

Oliver, G. (2012). The Brewmaster’s Table: Discovering the Pleasures of Real Beer with Real Food. HarperCollins.

Mosher, R. (2012). Tasting Beer: An Insider’s Guide to the World’s Greatest Drink. Storey Publishing.

Dredge, M. (2017). The Beer Lover’s Table: Seasonal Recipes and Modern Beer Pairings. Dog n Bone.

BeerAdvocate. (n.d.). Pairing Beer with Food. Retrieved from (n.d.). Craft Beer & Food Pairing. Retrieved from

Brewer’s Association. (n.d.). Pairing Beer with Food. Retrieved from

Korpela, K. (2018). The Rise of Non-Alcoholic Beer. Forbes.

Bitter & Esters. (n.d.). Beer and Food Pairing: How to Make the Perfect Match. Retrieved from

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